It compensates nutrient removals and losses, as well as helps maintain soil fertility by increasing crop yields and thus crop residues left in the fields (mainly root stubbles and belowground biomass) (Yang and Janssen, 1997). Soil Fertility Management for Better Crop Production 1. Manure is most, effectively used in combination with other sustainable and organic farming practices such as crop rotation, cover cropping, green manuring, and liming. We need to increase adoption of existing techniques and develop new technologies and crop varieties, if we are to achieve the gains in food production needed. In agriculture, cover crops are plants that are planted to cover the soil rather than for the purpose of being harvested.Cover crops manage soil erosion, soil fertility, soil quality, water, weeds, pests, diseases, biodiversity and wildlife in an agroecosystem—an ecological system managed and shaped by humans. Badri, D.V. ; Nelson, W.L. Significant progress in enhancing nutrient-use efficiency in production agriculture requires improved estimates of plant-available nutrients in the root zone, enhanced crop response to applied nutrients, and reduced offsite nutrient transport. This means that factors such as cost (amendments, fuel, and equipment) must be evaluated for their contribution to increased yields. Schutz, L.; Gattinger, A.; Meier, M.; Muller, A.; Boller, T.; Mader, P.; Mathimaran, N. Improving crop yield and nutrient use efficiency via biofertilization–a global meta-analysis. The goal of soil nutrient management is to sustainably produce profitable crops. [, The development of biofertilizers containing organic waste material has been demonstrated to enhance nutrient availability to plants [, With increasing global population, animal and biosolid wastes provide substantial resources for nutrient recycling in agriculture. ; Khan, A.; Khan, M.I. Ethiopia stakeholders’ workshop: Transforming soil health and fertility management for sustainable increased agricultural productivity. Because of the projected increase in world population and the consequent necessity for the intensification of food production, the management of soils will become increasingly important in the coming years. In. ; Palta, J.A. ; Tsujimoto, Y.; Rakotoarisoa, N.M. Optimizing the Phosphorus Concentration and Duration of Seedling Dipping in Soil Slurry for Accelerating the Initial Growth of Transplanted Rice. Our dedicated information section provides allows you to learn more about MDPI. Crop Rotations (UT) - Fact sheet on using crop rotations to enhance soil quality, soil fertility and aid in pest management. Pellegrino, E.; Piazza, G.; Arduini, I.; Ercoli, L. Field Inoculation of Bread Wheat with. Department of Crop Soil Sciences, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA, Department of Crop Soil Sciences, North Carolina State University, Plymouth, NC 27962, USA. Cover crops contribute to overall soil health by catching nutrients before they can leach out of the soil profile, or by adding nitrogen to the soil, as is the case with legumes. The statements, opinions and data contained in the journals are solely We use cookies on our website to ensure you get the best experience. Managing agricultural phosphorus for environmental protection. This research received no external funding. Most of the time, the average person treats the soil "like dirt". 1 (2005): Ife Journal of Agriculture. For example, struvite (MgNH, While not directly related to nutrient application, ensuring that soil chemical properties are maintained at levels suitable for optimum production is critical. ; Beaton, J.D. Soil management is important, both directly and indirectly, to crop productivity, environmental sustainability, and human health. Plant nutrients are essential for production of crop and healthy food for the word's expanding population. As a result, nutrient management in organic farming systems is more complex. Soil fertility and nutrient management is one of the important factors that have a direct impact on crop yield and quality. Wang, X.; Liu, S.; Yin, X.; Bellaloui, N.; Winings, J.H. Cover Crops. ; Agyin-Birikorang, S.; Singh, U.; Sanabria, J.; Mengistu, A. Maize Grain Composition with Additions of NPK Briquette and Organically Enhanced N Fertilizer. Cover crops may be an off-season crop planted after harvesting the cash crop. Specific importance in the chapter is also given to the role of organic matter in maintaining good soil fertility vis-à-vis ensuring good and healthy soil structure. ; Kleinman, P.J.A. By understanding how the soil processes that support plant growth and regulate environmental quality are affected by management practices, it is possible to design a crop and soil management system that improves and maintains soil health over time. Find support for a specific problem on the support section of our website. ; van der Linden, C.G. This special issue, Soil Fertility Management for Better Crop Production, presents 15 manuscripts that advance our knowledge of interrelated soil, plant, and management factors important to increasing the nutrient availability and crop recovery of applied nutrients. Regulation and function of root exudates. The Potential Role of Cobalt and/or Organic Fertilizers in Improving the Growth, Yield, and Nutritional Composition of, Wang, C.; Lv, J.; Coulter, J.A. Introduction. Plant nutrients are therefore a vital component of sustainable agriculture. 36. Talboys, P.; Heppell, J.; Roose, T.; Healey, J.; Jones, D.; Withers, P. Struvite: A slow-release fertiliser for sustainable phosphorus management? Hence, different soil fertility amendment options have been done with different fertilizers sources. Use of chemical fertilizers is one of the most important modern technologies that have helped boost China's crop production. Nutrients applied in excess of crop requirements increase residual nutrient reserves that, if not utilized or recovered in subsequent crops, may result in offsite transport and contribute to degradation of environmental quality [, Using the QUEFTS model (Quantitative Evaluation of the Fertility of Tropical Soils), Xie et al. Improved nutrient management requires understanding numerous site-specific interactions between nutrient rate, source, application timing, and placement. Increased crop production largely relics on the type of fertilizers used to supplement essential nutrients for plants. Irrespective of the size of your field or plot, supplying plants with the right amount of nutrients at the right time is the key to a successful vegetable production enterprise. You seem to have javascript disabled. With the ever rising population in Nigeria and consequent need for more food, it is essential to employ a holistic approach embracing integration of plant nutrition management system with other crop production practices/inputs. 2016). For example, addition of twice the amount of fertilizer may not double the yield of the crop. The chapter discusses several aspects of these factors and their interplay in maintaining optimal crop production. Agron. Song, L.; Wang, S.; Ye, W. Establishment and Application of Critical Nitrogen Dilution Curve for Rice Based on Leaf Dry Matter. Havlin, J.L. Affordable Multi-Factor Diagnostic and Recommendation System for Boron in Neutral and Acidic Soils. Crop nutrient requirements and the nutrient-supplying capacity of the soil dictate the management practices necessary for successful crop production. Vol. Management of nutrients such as phosphorus, potassium, calcium, Subscribe to receive issue release notifications and newsletters from MDPI journals, You can make submissions to other journals. Phosphorus use efficiency and management in agriculture. Beef cattle production in the United States relies upon forage crops, and the sustainability of a forage-based livestock system also depends highly on proper soil fertility management. In this respect, soil management includes more factors such as chemical fertilizers and the use of organic fertilizers (applied fertilizer type, dose, fertilizer application time, method) and irrigation. Integrated soil fertility management (67% organic fertilizer + 33% inorganic fertilizer) was found to be most economically viable option to farmers as well as reducing soil … Fuentes-Ramirez, L.E. ; Tisdale, S.L. Outline the various methods of soil fertility management. A large area of agricultural land has been damaged and rendered unproductive due to poor soil management practices. It also includes nutrient management case studies. From cycling nutrients to reducing erosion to breaking compaction, cover crops offer a host of benefits to soil and fertility. Sattari, S.; Bouwmann, A.; Giller, K.; van Ittersum, M. Residual soil phosphorus as the missing piece in the global phosphorus crisis puzzle. Vaneeckhaute, C.; Janda, J.; Vanrolleghem, P.; Tack, F.; Meers, E. Phosphorus use efficiency in bio-based fertilizers: A bio-availability and fractionation study. Sustainable crop production reintegrates this cycle, using animal manure, compost and other natural fertilizers to improve soil health and ecosystem-based pest controls instead of chemical pesticides. One of the good agricultural practices (GAPs) associated with CA is integrated soil fertility management (ISFM), which essentially depends on locally adapted CA principles and practices to build-up soil health, allowing producers to reduce the use of fertilisers, while sustaining good and stable yields and increasing profitability. Highlights of some existing soil resource management strategies for the enhancement of effective crop production systems are provided with respect to South Western Nigeria. Livestock manure is a valuable resource for organic and sustainable soil management. Karlen et al . Therefore, soil management has a special place in terms of fertilizer usage efficiency. o. Soil fertility improvement is sustained by effective soil characterization and testing, use of improved fallows, planting of legumes and cover crops, efficient fertilizer use and management, adoption of low input technology involving use of organic fertilizer and supplementation with inorganic fertilizer, use of agro-minerals, alley farming, bio-fertilization, etc. J.H. and R.H. contributed to organizing the special issue, editorial work, and writing this editorial. Roberts, T.L. [. These methods include surface mulching, use of minimum tillage for mechanically cultivated land and incorporating appropriate cover and fallow crops in the farming system. 21 No. Gomiero, T. Soil Degradation, Land Scarcity and Food Security: Reviewing a Complex Challenge. ; Johnston, A.E. In. Improving nutrient use efficiency will include enhancing the ability of plants to acquire nutrients... 3. This study aimed to determine farmers' perception of integrated soil fertility and nutrient management for sustainable crop production. So, a farmer must determine if the cost of additional fertilizer will be repaid by the predicted additional yield. Lisuma, J.; Mbega, E.; Ndakidemi, P. Influence of Tobacco Plant on Macronutrient Levels in Sandy Soils. Sustainable crop farmers include growers of vegetables, fruit, flowers, grains, nuts, fiber (like cotton) or any other farmed plant. Oyeyiola, Y.; Omueti, J. Phosphorus uptake and use efficiency by cowpea in phosphocompost and chemical fertilizer treated nutrient degraded acid soils. Xie, M.; Wang, Z.; Xu, X.; Zheng, X.; Liu, H.; Shi, P. Quantitative Estimation of the Nutrient Uptake Requirements of Peanut. Balaban, N.; Suleimanova, A.; Valeeva, L.; Chastukhina, I.; Rudakova, N.; Sharipova, M.; Shakirov, E. Microbial phytases and phytate: Exploring opportunities for sustainable phosphorus management in agriculture. Improving phosphorus use efficiency in agriculture: Opportunities for breeding. Not only … This approach enhances sustainable soil fertility management for optimum crop production in the country. integrated soil fertility management to maintain crop yield while balancing the economic benefits to farmers. those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publisher and the editor(s). Cordell, D.; White, S. Sustainable phosphorus measure: Strategies and technologies for achieving phosphorus security. Monogr, Help us to further improve by taking part in this short 5 minute survey, Rootstock Effect on Physico-Chemical and Nutritional Quality of Mandarin ‘Clemenules’ during the Harvest Season, Maize Grain Composition with Additions of NPK Briquette and Organically Enhanced N Fertilizer, Soil Fertility Management for Better Crop Production, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, Eswaran, H.; Lal, R.; Reich, P.F. Declining agricultural productivity in Nigeria is a consequence of general mismanagement of the soils. Tewodros, M. and Belay, Y. ; Xie, J.; Yu, J.; Li, J.; Zhang, J.; Tang, C.; Niu, T.; Gan, Y. Slow-Release Fertilizer Improves the Growth, Quality, and Nutrient Utilization of Wintering Chinese Chives (, Aslam, Z.; Bashir, S.; Hassan, W.; Bellitürk, K.; Ahmad, N.; Niazi, N.K. Integrated Soil Fertility Management (ISFM) is an approach based on the following principles: Neither practices based solely on mineral fertilizers nor solely on organic matter management are sufficient for sustainable agricultural production. Degraded acid soils [, Effective nutrient management for sustainable increased agricultural productivity, soil fertility, fertilizer and productivity... ; Chen, Z. ; Maitah, M. Unveiling the efficiency of Vermicompost Derived from different on... Crop planted after harvesting the cash crop healthy soil is the capacity of the global area... 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